KRIS, Dagger

20th Century


Steel, gold, ebony, gems, gilded silver.

Full Length: 69 cm; Blade Length: 50 cm

This topengan Kris comes from Bali. It has a double edged, waved and grooved blade in “grass-mineral”, with a beautiful pamor or pattern known as “watermelon”. It is decorated with high-relief chiselling on the base with floral motifs and gold covered foliage, which happens as well in the ganja a mount applied at the base of the blade.

The hulu, hilt, in rhinoceros horn is sculpted in the shape of a sitting temple guard. The seult or ring which finishes it off is made of gilded silver ornamented with a ring filled with incrusted cabochon cut gems. Between this and the blade’s base there is the mendak, fitting ring, made of the same metal and also incrusted with gems.

The gandar or scabbard made of darkened wood is covered with gilded silver foil with a chiselled high-relief decoration with vegetal motifs. It shows at the mouth’s area a Bonaspati mask, which allows us to give to the Kris the designation of Topengan.

The ensemble is enriched with incrusted cabochon cut gems.

Bibl.: Hermann Historica, Antiquities, Antique Armour, Edged Weapons and Eastern Arms and Armour (Auction’s Catalogue), Munich, 16 October, 2002, p. XIV, 839; Cameron Stone, 1999, pp. 382-394, fig. 483/7

First an introduction about myself and the kris terminology. I collect this for about 45 years and still learning. I determine for a lot of auctions and Musea,and am chairman and advisor for over 20 years now of the Dutch Studygroup De Kris.

We have to deal with the fact that about 80 % of the knowledge has been lost!

So with the remnant of knowledge via old Kraton papers,sometimes century-old books of Dutch and other European ivestigators and oral tales from Indonesia we have to do it! This makes this hobby very adventurous but also difficult.

Some terminology i use:

Asal: where the BLADE is made or comes from
Umur: Age,again of the blade
Dapur: Outer shape name of the blade
Pamor: Nickle pattern design
Wranka: Ship either in fruitshape(Gayaman) or Shipshape(Ladrang)
Gandar: Wooden protector of the blade attached on the ship
Pendok: Metal sheath
Jejeran: Solo hilt
Deder: Yogyakarta hilt
Mendak: Ring between blade and hit; Malaysia: Pedongkok

Keris Bali

Asal: Bali
Umur: 19th cent.
Dapur: Cherita Buntala 15 luk
Kinata Mas Wedono Sblas
Pamor: Kulit Semanka
Wranka: Sebragatan in Ebony
Pendok: Bunton with Bonaspati (Lord of the Woods)mask on top and Lotusmotives adorned with cabochon cut gems
Hilt: Buta Ngawasari in horn with selutin gold with cabochons Wewer idem
Classification - Philip Hartmann

KRIS, Adaga

séc. XX


Aço, ouro, madeira de ébano, gemas, prata dourada

comp. total: 69 cm; comp. lâmina: 50 cm

Este Kris Topengan é originário do Bali. Apresenta uma lâmina de duplo gume ondulada e nervurada em “minério-relva”, com belo pamor, padrão, denominado “melancia”. Na base, está decorada a cinzel em alto-relevo com motivos de flores e folhagens revestidas a ouro, o que acontece também no ganja, remate aplicado na base da lâmina.

O hulu, punho, em corno de rinoceronte, está esculpido sob a forma de uma figura de guarda de templo, numa posição sentada. O selut, virola, que lhe serve de remate é realizado em prata dourada ornamentada com um anel preenchido por gemas em talhe de cabochão, incrustadas. Entre este e a base da lâmina, surge o mendak, anel de encaixe, no mesmo metal e também com gemas incrustadas.

A gandar, bainha, de madeira enegrecida, está revestida a folha de prata dourada, com uma decoração cinzelada em alto-relevo, de motivos vegetalistas. Exibe na zona da boca, uma máscara Bonaspati, o que permite atribuir ao Kris a designação de Topengan.

O conjunto é enriquecido com gemas em talhe de cabochão, incrustadas.

Bibl.: Hermann Historica, Antiquities, Antique Armour, Edged Weapons and Eastern Arms and Armour (catálogo de leilão), Munich, 16 October, 2002, p. XIV, 839; Cameron Stone, 1999, pp. 382-394, fig. 483/7

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