KRIS, Dagger

17th century


Steel, gold, silver, tin, exotic wood

Full Length: 50 cm. Blade Lenght: 33 cm

Typically Javanese Kris, Surakarta, with a very high-quality old blade, from the 17th century, with verses from the Qur’an inlaid in gold on both sides, it has been sculpted by the Empu, with a delicate symbolic outline.

Straight blade (Dapur Lutus/Bener). Pattern (Pamor – melon peel), with Arabic inscription on both sides inlaid in gold (front side – “as a blessing from Allah, the most merciful; back side: “There is no power except that of Allah… Allahhuakbar”). On the side there are two sculpted elephant trunks (Sekar Kacang). Sculpted handle (Ukiran, typical of Surakarta) in wood. Selut in gilded silver filigree. Mendate of the Solo type, also in gilded silver decorated with gems (quartz). Wrangka of the Ladrang type, in one single piece of wood (walnut tree root) with the sheath (Gandar) in wood; with a punched-though Pendok, in more recent tin.

Bibl: The Invincibili Krises 2 - Vanna Ghiringhelli, ISBN:978-88-95125-05-3; The Kris - David van Duuren ISBN:90-73-187-32 X

Introduction about Philipe Harteman and the kris terminology. Philipe Hartemann collects Kris for about 45 years. He determine for a lot of auctions and Musea, and am chairman and advisor for over 20 years now of the Dutch Studygroup De Kris.

He have to deal with the fact that about 80 % of the knowledge has been lost! So with the remnant of knowledge via old Kraton papers, sometimes century-old books of Dutch and other European investigators and oral tales from Indonesia we have to do it!

Some terminology i use:
Asal: where the BLADE is made or comes from
Umur: Age,again of the blade
Dapur: Outer shape name of the blade
Pamor: Nickle pattern design
Wranka: Ship either in fruitshape(Gayaman) or Shipshape(Ladrang)
Gandar: Wooden protector of the blade attached on the ship
Pendok: Metal sheath
Jejeran: Solo hilt
Deder: Yogyakarta hilt
Mendak: Ring between blade and hit; Malaysia: Pedongkok

Keris Solo
Asal: Mataram Amangkurat
Umur: mid 17th cent.
Dapur: Karna Tinanding with Islamic Sura in gold
Pamor: Sanak
Wranka: Ladrang Kadipaten Sepuh Iras in Kayu Ambon wood
Pendok: Blewah Krawang Templek in Suasa
Hilt: Canteng in Tayumanwood with Selut Trap-Trappan in goldalloy
Mendak: Kendit in goldalloy

Iras: one piece of wood
Karna Tnanding: Challenggin Karna (karna is a person from Mahabharata Epos
Krawang Templek: Double layer of metal
Traptrappan: Foliage
Kendit: Band of stones
Classification - Philip Hartmann

KRIS, Adaga

séc. XVII


Aço, ouro, prata, latão, madeira exótica.

Comp. total: 50 cm. Comp. lâmina: 33 cm

Kris típicamente Javanês, Surakarta, em que a lâmina de alta qualidade, muito recuada, séc. XVII, com versos do Corão embutidos a ouro em ambas as faces da mesma, sendo ainda esculpida pelo Empu, com delicado recorte simbólico.

Lamina direita (Dapur Lutus/Bener). Padrão ( Pamor - Casca de melão), com inscrição árabe de ambas as faces embutida a ouro ( face anterior - "como uma bênção de (Deus) Allah, o mais misericordioso": face posterior - "Não há poder senão o de Allah... Allahhuakbar") . De lado duas trombas de elefante esculpidas (Sekar Kacang). Punho (Ukiran) esculpido (Típico de Surakarta) em madeira. Selut em filigrana em prata dourada. Mendate tipo Solo, também em prata dourada decorado com pedraria (Quartzo). Wrangka tipo Ladrang, de uma só peça de madeira (raiz de nogueira) com a bainha (Gandar) em madeira; com Pendok vazado, em latão mais recente.

Bibl: The Invincibili Krises 2 - Vanna Ghiringhelli, ISBN:978-88-95125-05-3; The Kris - David van Duuren ISBN:90-73-187-32 X

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