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KRIS, Dagger

c. 1850

Indonesia/Malaysia

Steel, silver, rubies, diamonds, wood.

Full Length: 52 cm; Blade Length: 34 cm

This Kris is a notable exemplar from the island of Java. The blade with 15 pronounced luk or waves, Kala Wija, with a thin spine which reinforces it up to the tip. The perabots are complete and deep and it includes a picetan or groove with complete sogokans, a kembang kacang with a lambei gajah and an ornate jalen, grenengs, and an adaada or crest. There are vestiges of sinarasah, gold incrusted work, which can steill be seen in some areas of the base.

The pamor patterns are very condensed and show forge work in the mulmah technique which are of kulit semangko or “melon cask” variations. Good selection of metals with good black and white metal shadows.

The Kris and other sword blades are traditionally manufactured without any date stamped or engraved with the name of its maker. In any case a Kris swordsmith designated as an empu has his own style configured in tandem with the dapor, blade’s shape, and particularly the ganjar or crossbar.

The hulu or hilt of this piece is made of pelet precious wood with a mendak, silver fitting decorated with filigree, incrusted with rubies and diamonds.

The gandar or scabbard made of wood with wrangka or ship of the same wood type shows the pendok or long part of the hilt in repoussé silver decorated with animals and floral motifs.

Bibl.: Cameron Stone, 1999, pp. 382-394, fig. 481/10a

First an introduction about myself and the kris terminology.

I collect this for about 45 years and still learning. I determine for a lot of auctions and Musea,and am chairman and advisor for over 20 years now of the Dutch Studygroup De Kris. We have to deal with the fact that about 80 % of the knowledge has been lost!

So with the remnant of knowledge via old Kraton papers,sometimes century-old books of Dutch and other European ivestigators and oral tales from Indonesia we have to do it! This makes this hobby very adventurous but also difficult.

Some terminology i use:

Asal: where the BLADE is made or comes from
Umur: Age,again of the blade
Dapur: Outer shape name of the blade
Pamor: Nickle pattern design
Wranka: Ship either in fruitshape(Gayaman) or Shipshape(Ladrang)
Gandar: Wooden protector of the blade attached on the ship
Pendok: Metal sheath
Jejeran: Solo hilt
Deder: Yogyakarta hilt
Mendak: Ring between blade and hit; Malaysia: Pedongkok

Keris Solo

Asal: Mataram Sultan Agung
Umur: 1630
Dapur:Carita Buntala 15 luk with Kinata Mas Telling Wedono
Pamor: Kulit Semanka Wengkon
Wrangka:Gayaman Kagok Gandhon in Pelet Nyamel wood
Pendok: Yogyakarta model;Topengan with Slorok in silver;Semen Sinna Huk motive
Hilt: Recent made Yudowinotan in Cendana with Selut Byuer SelingMera=red+ white stones
Mendak: Fitting Kendit Seling Merah
(Philip Hartemann)

KRIS, Adaga

c. 1850

Indonésia/Malásia

Aço, prata, rubis, diamantes, madeira

comp. total: 52 cm; comp. lâmina: 34 cm

Este Kris é um notável exemplar da ilha de Java. A lâmina com 15 acentuadas luk, ondas, Kala Wija, com uma fina espinha que a reforça até à ponta. Os perabots estão completos e fundos, e inclui um picetan, sulco, com sogokans completos, um kembang kacang com um lambei gajah e um jalen, grenengs, ornatos, e adaada, crista. Vestígios de sinarasah, trabalho incrustado a ouro, são ainda visíveis em algumas zonas da base.

Os padrões de pamor são muito condensados e mostram o trabalho de forjamento na técnica mlumah que são de kulit semangko, variações de “casca de melão”. Boa selecção de metais com boas sombras de metal branco e negro.

Os Kris e outras lâminas de espadas são tradicionalmente feitas sem qualquer data estampada ou gravada com o nome do seu alfageme. Em todo o caso um alfageme de Kris designado por empu tem o seu próprio estilo configurado em conjunto com o dapor, formato da lâmina, e especialmente o ganjar, travessão.

O Hulu, punho, deste exemplar está construído em madeira exótica pelet com um mendak, encaixe em prata, decorada com filigrana, cravejada de rubis e diamantes.

A gandar, bainha, de madeira com wrangka, a nau, realizada também no mesmo tipo de madeira, mostra o pendok, haste, em prata repuxada com decoração de figuras de animais e de motivos florais.

Bibl.: Cameron Stone, 1999, pp. 382-394, fig. 481/10a

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